Human Infant Normal Respiratory Rate
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The respiratory rates in infants are measured at a time when they are at rest. This is done by counting the number of their breaths or the number of times their chest rises in one minute. People often get confused about the respiratory rates and the pulse rates; they believe that both of them depict the same thing which is entirely a misconception because they both are entirely different things.
Pulse rates refer to the rate at which heart pumps the blood into the arteries, whereas the respiratory rate refers to the rate at which lungs do their jobs of exchanging the gases. Normal respiratory rate among the infants is quite different from that observed in adults. In adults, the rate is some where between 12 and 20 breaths every minute. It is very essential that these respiratory rhythms are regular, while the respiration depth also needs to be uniform between the breaths.
It is seen in some cases that the respiratory rhythms and the depth are interrupted by some large breath in-between. Respiratory rate is believed to be highest among the newly born kids while it reduces with the increasing age. The newborn babies have the rate of around 44 breaths every minute, while in infants, the rate is between 20 and 40 breaths every minute. There is a condition known as the Respiratory Distress Syndrome, abbreviated as the RDS, which is quite commonly observed among children who are born before thirty-seven weeks of the gestation. This is a condition where the infant does not get enough of amounts of air.
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