Malnutrition In Third World Countries
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Malnutrition is a condition where people do not get the required nutrition for their body for a long period of time. Statistics on malnutrition show that nearly 928 million people in the world do not have sufficient food to eat on a daily basis. Around ninety-eight percent of these people are living in third world countries.
According to the WHO, Asia and the Pacific region has half the world’s population and two-thirds of these people are starved. Women account to half the world population and approximately sixty percent of them go hungry nearly every day. Around 65 percent of the world’s hungry people reside in India, Democratic Republic of Congo, Pakistan, Indonesia, Bangladesh, China and Ethiopia. Malnutrition affects the children the most and nearly five million children at various ages die in developing countries.
In the world population, one out of 4 children is born under weight, and 50 percent of these children are living in South Asia alone. Approximately 146 million children are affected by malnutrition. Around 10.9 million kids in the world die under the age of 5 due to malnutrition. Hunger related diseases are responsible for sixty percent of the deaths in world population.
Iron deficiency is perhaps the most commonly seen in the world where malnutrition is widespread. It affects nearly two billion people in the world.
Iodine deficiency is one of the main reasons to cause mental retardation. It affects 1.9 billion people in the world. It can be avoided by supplementing iodine to the salt that people consume.
Poverty is one of the main factors causing malnutrition in several countries. In the last 20 years, poverty in the sub Saharan Africa doubled since 1982. From 164 million poor people, it is 313 million today. However, poverty is not the only reason for malnutrition. The availability of nutritional food sources is also limited in several third world countries.
Statistics indicate that nearly ninety percent of people suffering from malnutrition reside in developing nations. Also, people are unable to procure nutritious food even in developed countries. Many people depend on international markets to obtain food. Not all foods grow all around the year, and in some countries the weather and land are not good for agriculture.
Some of the diseases, like tuberculosis, diarrhea and measles, are linked to malnutrition. Disease and malnutrition together weaken the body’s metabolism. HIV and AIDS also cause severe malnutrition in countries where it is common. Poor hygiene and sanitation, and lack of infrastructure are other top reasons to promote disease awareness in third world countries.
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